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Gen Z Surpasses Baby Boomers in Small Business Workforce Participation

May 18, 2023

Gen Z is the only generation currently trending up in workforce participation.
Paychex special report investigates Gen Z’s growing impact on workforce in the U.S.

Rochester, N.Y. (May 18, 2023) – According to a new report from Paychex, Inc., Generation Z (born 1997-2012) participation in the small business workforce has surpassed Baby Boomers (born 1946-1964) and is the only segment in the labor market showing growth.

 “The Rise of Generation Z: A Paychex Special Report” is designed to help business leaders understand the growing importance of this segment to the economy, which makes up nearly 20 percent of the workforce. Unlike Gen Z’s steady growth in the labor market, representation from Baby Boomers, Gen X (born 1965-1980), and Millennials (born 1981-1996) continues to decline. The data for the report was derived from Paychex payroll data as of April 2023.

“Our data clearly supports the fact that the workforce composition is shifting as more Gen Z members seek full-time and long-term roles, more members of Gen X begin to retire, and Millennials enter their prime earning years,” said Frank Fiorille, Paychex VP of risk, compliance, and data analytics. “Considering these facts, employers need to develop recruiting and retention strategies that keep Gen Z at the forefront, appealing to their values-based approach and celebrating the unique contributions this group brings to the table.”

Other key insights from the Paychex report include:

  • Gen Z females are working more than their male counterparts. The Gen Z workforce is comprised of 53% females and 47% males. Gen Z females represent 20.5% of all female workers, while Gen Z males only represent 17.7% of all male workers. Furthermore, Gen Z females represent a larger share of their gender’s workforce compared to males in every industry except Construction.
  • Gen Z workers are most common in leisure and hospitality. Making up 37.2% of the total small business workforce in Leisure and Hospitality, Gen Z is not only overrepresented relative to the national average but is the generation with the highest representation in the sector.
  • Wages for Gen Z are low, but they’re rapidly growing. Hourly earnings growth for Gen Z (9.3%) is more than double the national average (4.5%), largely due to the generation’s lower-than-average wages ($19.79 per hour).
  • Gen Z is making strides to close the gender pay gap. The pay gap between male ($20.82/hour) and female employees ($18.82/hour) in Gen Z is $2.00 compared to $6.74 across all generations. Notably, Leisure and Hospitality is the only industry in which female ($17.65/hour) Gen Z employees make more than their male ($17.57/hour) counterparts, by a slim margin of $0.08/hour.  

To read the full findings, download “The Rise of Generation Z: A Paychex Special Report.”

About Paychex
Paychex, Inc. (Nasdaq:PAYX) is a leading provider of integrated human capital management solutions for human resources, payroll, benefits, and insurance services. By combining innovative software-as-a-service technology and mobility platform with dedicated, personal service, Paychex empowers business owners to focus on the growth and management of their business. Backed by 50 years of industry expertise, Paychex serves more than 730,000 payroll clients as of May 31, 2022, in the U.S. and Europe, and pays one out of every 12 American private sector employees. Learn more about Paychex by visiting and stay connected on Twitter and LinkedIn.


Chris Muller

Chris Muller

As director of corporate communications for Paychex, Chris Muller leads the team responsible for external communications, including media and public relations programs as well as client communications. Among his other responsibilities, Chris is a lead communicator in companywide initiatives, crisis and issues management, and social media. He joined Paychex in October 2011 in leadership roles in marketing, service, and operations after serving as the communications executive for a Fortune 1000 company. Chris is a graduate of the State University of New York at Fredonia.

Director, Corporate Communications